Children are given the Pfizer-BioNTech Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pediatric vaccine.
Maera Lopez | Reuters
Supported by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Saturday Pfizer‘sand ModernaCovid-19 shots for a 6-month-old young child, whose vaccination is expected to begin in earnest after a holiday weekend.
The CDC’s independent committee of vaccine experts unanimously voted to recommend injections to babies via preschoolers after a two-day public meeting. CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky accepted the Commission’s recommendations and gave final approval on Saturday.
The White House said vaccinations for children under the age of five will begin in earnest on Tuesday after a federal holiday in June. According to Dr. Ashish Jha, who oversees Covid’s response to the Biden administration, reservations may be limited at first, but all parents who want to vaccinate their children will be vaccinated within a few weeks. You should be able to.
The federal government initially made 10 million doses of vaccine available to local partners. There are nearly 20 million children between the ages of 6 months and 5 in the United States.
The CDC encourages parents to contact or visit their doctor, local pharmacy, or health department. Vaccine.gov To find a place where shots are available for kids.
Within two years of the first injection being approved for the elderly in December 2020, almost everyone in the United States is eligible for Covid vaccination.
Dr. Grace Lee, Chairman of the CDC’s Vaccine Commission, said: “We can clearly prevent hospitalization and death, and I believe it may prevent long-term complications of infectious diseases that we do not yet understand.”
In a statement on Saturday, the American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommended that parents vaccinate their children and bring questions and concerns to family doctors.
Covid is usually less severe in children than in adults, but the virus can be life-threatening for some children. Covid is the fifth leading cause of death in children aged 1 to 4 years. According to CDC data.. Since January 2020, more than 200 children between the ages of 6 months and 4 have died in Covid.
According to CDC data, more than 2 million children in this age group were infected with Covid during a pandemic and more than 20,000 were hospitalized.
Covid’s hospitalization of children under the age of five surged during the winter Omicron wave, reaching the highest level of pandemic in this age group. The overwhelming majority of them, 86%, were hospitalized primarily due to Covid’s impact on their health. According to CDC data.. In other words, they were not included in the data because they were tested positive for the virus after admission for another health reason.
According to CDC data, more than 50% of hospitalized children under the age of 5 had no underlying medical condition. Almost a quarter of the children hospitalized in this age group arrived in the intensive care unit.
Approximately 2,000 children under the age of 5 developed multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) after Covid infection. MIS-C is a condition in which multiple organ systems such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, and digestive system are inflamed. Nine children under the age of five died of MIS-C.
“These very clear data only thin out the myth that this infection is not life-threatening in this age group,” said Dr. Sarah Long, a pediatrician and committee member of the St. Christopher Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia. That’s it. “
Pfizer’s vaccine is given to children aged 6 months to 4 years three times. Shots are administered in 3 micrograms. This is one tenth of the level that adults receive. Three shots were about 75% effective in preventing mild illness caused by Omicron at 6 months to 2 years and 82% at 2 to 4 years.
However, data on vaccine efficacy are preliminary and inaccurate. This is because it is based on a small population of 10 children and the protection against Omicron is estimated to be in the range of 14% to 96%. Dr. Bill Gruber, head of vaccine research at Pfizer, said that the antibody response observed after the third vaccination was higher than that of people aged 16 to 25 years who received the second vaccination, and the vaccine is effective. It should give a sense of security.
“For some complete transparency to parents, it is appropriate for me to admit uncertainty about it,” said Commission member Dr. Matthew Daily, an estimate of vaccine efficacy.
It is important for parents who choose Pfizer to ensure that their child gets a third shot to protect them from the virus. The two doses were about 14% effective in preventing infection in children under 2 years of age and 33% in children 2-4 years of age.
“I don’t want to give my parents the impression that two doses are enough,” said Daily, a pediatrician investigating the safety of the vaccine.
The Moderna vaccine is given twice to children aged 6 months to 5 years. Shots are administered at 25 micrograms. This is a quarter of what adults receive.
The Moderna vaccine was about 51% effective in preventing mild illness caused by Omicron in children aged 6 months to 2 years and about 37% in children aged 2 to 5 years. However, the company expects the vaccine to provide strong protection against serious illness, as children have higher antibody levels than adults who received two doses.
According to Dr. Ritzparna Das, who leads the development of the Covid vaccine in Moderna, Moderna is studying booster doses targeting Omicron in children of this age group, with expected shot safety and immune response in the fall. Data is expected.
According to the FDA, the most common side effects of the vaccine were pain at the injection site, irritability and crying, loss of appetite and drowsiness. Children who received either shot developed a fever of over 102 degrees Fahrenheit, and Pfizer or Moderna studies showed no cases of myocarditis, a type of heart inflammation.