Drought exposes the bed of the Jialing River at its confluence with the Yangtze River in Chongqing, China, August 18, 2022.
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China has declared its first drought emergency of the year, with scorching temperatures draining areas of the Yangtze River and putting pressure on power grids as the country battles a record-breaking heatwave.
Officials issued a nationwide yellow alert late Thursday after central and southern Chinese provinces endured weeks of extreme heat, with temperatures surpassing 40 degrees Celsius or 104 degrees Fahrenheit in dozens of cities. issued.
Heatwaves have stunted crop growth, threatened livestock, and caused some industries to close to conserve household power.
China’s Sichuan province, home to 94 million people, ordered all factories to shut down for six days this week to ease power shortages in the region. The closure came after reservoir levels dropped and demand for air conditioning surged in the heat.
According to Ministry of Water Resources data, rainfall in the Yangtze basin has also decreased by about 45% compared to recent averages. As many as 66 rivers across his 34 counties in southwestern Chongqing have dried up, according to state broadcaster CCTV.
Sprinklers water a corn field to mitigate the effects of drought caused by high temperatures in Xiliangshi Village, Bo’ai County, Jiaozuo City, Henan Province, China, 20 June 2022.
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North-North District of Southwest China experience record temperatures Thursday’s temperature was 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit), according to the National Weather Center.
Chinese authorities announced measures this week to mitigate the effects of the drought. This includes seeding clouds to encourage rainfall, her $44 million in disaster relief to the hardest-hit communities, and shutting down some energy-intensive sectors.
Dan Wang, chief economist at Hang Seng Bank China, told CNBC:squawk box asia“On that hot Thursday can have a big impact About the Chinese economy. Mr Wang said the country’s steel, chemical and fertilizer industries have already experienced a slowdown in production.
“It affects those big energy-intensive industries, [a] It will have ripple effects throughout the economy and even into global supply chains,” Wang said.
Extreme temperatures caused direct economic losses of 2.73 billion yuan, or $400 million, in July, affecting 5.5 million people, according to data released Thursday by China’s Ministry of Emergency Situations.
— CNBC’s sumati rose Reports Contributed
Part of a dry riverbed can be seen along the Yangtze River in Jiujiang city, central China’s Jiangxi province, on August 19, 2022.
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