People photographed in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. According to the United Nations, India is home to more than 1.4 billion people.
Peter Adams | Stone | Getty Images
India is on track to overtake China as the most populous country on the planet next year, according to a UN report released on Monday.
In 2022, China and India were home to more than 1.4 billion people each, according to a report from the Population Sector of the United Nations Bureau of Economy and Society.
“India is projected to surpass China as the most populous country in the world in 2023,” the United Nations said. According to the 2011 Census of the Government of India, India’s population is over 1.2 billion.
According to a UN report, “the world’s population will reach 8 billion in mid-November 2022 from an estimated 2.5 billion in 1950.”
Looking further ahead, the United Nations says the latest forecasts are that the world’s population could reach about 8.5 billion in 2030 and 10.4 billion in 2100.
Last year, the United Nations stated that the “average fertility” of the Earth’s population reached 2.3 births per woman throughout her life.
According to a report on Monday, this is equivalent to about five births per woman in 1950. “The world’s fertility is projected to drop further to 2.1 births per woman by 2050,” he said.
The UN report was published on World Population Day. In a statement, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said on this day, “Celebrating our diversity, recognizing our common humanity, extending our lives and dramatically reducing maternal and child mortality. It is an opportunity to marvel at the progress of health. “
“At the same time, it reminds us of our common responsibility to take care of our planet and the moment we look back on where we have not yet reached our commitment to each other,” Guterres said.
With its huge population and major economies, India’s resource needs for the next few years will become even more pressing. On Monday, Reuters quoted information from Refinitiv and trade sources, In June, it said its coal imports reached a “record high.”
The handle At the COP26 Climate Change Summit in November 2021, we faced obstacles related to the phasing out of coal, fossil fuel subsidies and financial support for low-income countries.
India and China are both one of the largest coal burners in the world, Insisted on last-minute changes in fossil fuel language in the Glasgow Climate Pact — From “gradual abolition” to “gradual abolition” of coal. After the first opposition, the opposition finally admitted.
— CNBC’s Sam Meredith contributed to this report.