The soil can be considered black gold and we are running out of it.
The United Nations has declared the soil finite and predicted catastrophic losses within 60 years.
“There are places where we have already lost all the topsoil,” Joe Handelsman, author of “The World Without Soil” and a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, told CNBC.
The impact of soil degradation can total $ 23 trillion By 2050, food, ecosystem services and income will be lost around the world, according to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
“The Global Report has identified 10 soil threats … number one because soil erosion is everywhere,” said Ronald Vargas, Global Soil Partnership and Land and Water Officer at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. .. He told CNBC.
According to the United Nations, soil erosion could reduce crop yields by up to 10% by 2050, which is equivalent to removing millions of acres of farmland.
And when the world loses soil, food supplies, clean drinking water, and biodiversity are threatened.
In addition, soil plays an important role in mitigating climate change.
Soil contains more than three times as much carbon in the Earth’s atmosphere, and four times as much carbon as all living animals and plants combined. Colombia Climate School..
“Soil is a habitat for more than a quarter of the Earth’s biodiversity. Each gram of soil contains millions of bacterial and fungal cells that play a vital role in all ecosystem services. “It has been,” the Rodale Institute told CNBC.
The Rodale Institute in Kutztown, Pennsylvania is known as the birthplace of modern organic farming.
“The project we are doing here focuses on improving and reconstructing soil health. There are 42 years of agricultural system testing,” said Afshar. This is a side-by-side comparison of North America’s longest-running organic farming system with traditional grain-growing systems.
Studies show that renewable organic farming can produce up to 40% higher yields during droughts, benefit farmers significantly, and emit 40% less carbon emissions than traditional farming practices.
Why is it possible? The Rodale Institute says it all starts with the soil.
“When we talk about healthy soil, we should be in perfect condition to be able to produce healthy food for us, all aspects of the soil, chemical, physical and biological. I’ll talk about physics, “said Afshar.
Of course, this is very important because the world depends 95% on soil. Of our food production. But that’s just the beginning of its importance.
“Fortunately, we have enough knowledge to get to work,” Diana Bagnall, a soil scientist at the Institute for Soil Health, told CNBC.
Watch the video above to learn why we are facing a quiet soil crisis, how we can save the soil, and what that means for the world.