The World Health Organization on Saturday said the rapid spread of monkeypox in dozens of countries does not represent a global health emergency at this time.
WHO Secretary-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus describes monkeypox as an evolution of the threat to health, strengthening surveillance, contact tracing and testing against governments around the world, and receiving vaccines and antiviral treatments for high-risk people. I requested that you be able to do it.
WHO has convened an emergency committee to determine the level of threat that monkeypox currently poses to the international community. At least 3,000 monkeypox cases have been identified in more than 50 countries since early May, according to WHO data.
The Commission considered whether to activate WHO’s highest alert level in response to an outbreak, called a public health emergency of international concern. Covid-19 and polio are the only other virus outbreaks considered by WHO to be an international public health emergency.
WHO did not activate the highest alert levels, but Tedros said the outbreak has caused serious concern as the virus spreads rapidly in countries where it is not normally found. Historically, monkeypox has spread at low levels in remote areas of West Africa and Central Africa. With current outbreaks, 84% of cases reported worldwide occur in Europe, which is extremely rare.
“We are particularly concerned about the current epidemic, with its rapid and ongoing spread to new countries and regions, and to vulnerable populations such as immunocompromised people, pregnant women and children,” Tedros said in a press release on Saturday. Is a risk of further persistent infections. “
WHO directors said studies on the circulation of monkeypox in Africa have been ignored, endangering the health of people in Africa and around the world.
Monkeypox spreads primarily through close physical contact with infected or contaminated substances such as shared clothing and bed sheets. If the infected person has a lesion in the throat or mouth, the virus can spread through respiratory droplets. However, this requires continuous face-to-face contact, and monkeypox is not thought to spread through aerosol particles.
Respiratory droplets quickly fall to the ground, but aerosol particles remain in the air for extended periods of time. Covid-19 spreads through aerosol particles. This is one of the reasons why it is so infectious.
Monkeypox belongs to the same viral family as smallpox, but the symptoms are mild. Most people recover in 2-4 weeks without special treatment.
According to WHO, monkey outbreaks primarily affect gay and bisexual men who say they have sex with a new partner or multiple partners. Of the 468 monkeypox patients who disclosed demographic information, 99% are male. According to WHO, most of them had sex with men and were identified as men with a median age of 37 years.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United States has reported 142 confirmed or suspected monkexpox cases in 23 states and Washington, DC. Before Pride Month, U.S. health officials sought to raise awareness of how the virus spreads and what symptoms look like so that people can protect themselves from infection. .. Currently, men having sex with men are at increased risk, but anyone, regardless of sexual orientation, can catch monkeypox through close physical contact.
Monkeypox often begins with flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, body aches, chills, malaise, and swollen lymph nodes. Rashes like acne and blisters appear on the body. A rash makes you most susceptible to infection.
According to the CDC, some patients currently developing the rash develop only in the genitals or anus and then show flu-like symptoms, but in these cases sexual contact spreads the rash. Indicates that you are. In other cases, the patient developed a rash without any flu-like symptoms.
The United States has two different vaccines and antiviral treatments to combat smallpox and monkeypox. Jynneos is a double dose vaccine approved for people over the age of 18. The CDC usually recommends Jynneos over ACAM 2000, an older-generation smallpox vaccine, which is another option. Jynneos is considered safer than ACAM2000, which can cause serious side effects.
WHO states that mass vaccination is not currently recommended to stop monkeypox. The United States provides vaccines to people at high risk of being exposed to the virus.
Since the rule came into force in the mid-2000s, the International Health Organization has applied the emergency designation only six times. WHO last declared a global health emergency before Covid in 2019, killing more than 2,000 people in the Ebola outbreak in eastern Congo. Authorities also declared a global emergency of Zika virus in 2016, H1N1 swine flu in 2009, polio and Ebola hemorrhagic fever in 2014.